The west bengal cabinet has given its inprinciple approval, to amend the west bengal thika tenancy acquisition and regulation act, to facilitate people living on thika tenancy land to. Special economic zones, land acquisition and civil society in west bengal. Till 20, land acquisition in india was governed by land acquisition act of 1894. While agricultural land following acquisition now lies. On and from the 1st day of june 1954, no estate, tenure or undertenure shall be liable to be sold under the bengal land revenue sales act, 1859 or the cooch behar revenue sales act, 1897 or the bengal patni taluks regulation, 1819, or the bengal tenancy act, 1885, as the case may be, and. Keywords agricultural land, collector, holding, homestead, land. The aim of the bill is providing fair compensation to people whose land has been taken away for setting up the buildings or factories. The west bengal public land eviction of unauthorised.
West bengal act x of 1956 the west bengal land reforms act, 1955. West bengal cabinet allows construction on 15% land of tea. None of the intermediaries and the raiyats or underraiyat could hold land in excess of the. A bargadar is a person who under the system generally known as adhi, barga or bhag cultivates the land of another person on condition of delivering a share of the produce of such land to. At1 act ro provirlc for rltc spcerly evicrioi oj rrlarrrlrorised occrrponrs jhtl public iarls.
I of 1894, dated 2nd february, 18941 an act to amend the law for the acquisition of land for public purposes and for the companies. Guided by the socialist pattern of economy, the government initiated land reforms in india but could only partially achieve this objective due to political stronghold of landed class in rural areas. Pdf special economic zones, land acquisition and civil. Act 2 it extends to the whole of west bengal except the areas described in xxxiii of 1951. An act to reorganize, strengthen and expand the activities of panchayats in rural areas of west bengal to enable them to act as units of selfgovernment and to strive for socioeconomic development and securing social justice for the people and to provide for matters connected therewith. The recent opposition against the land acquisition in. Pdf land acquisition in a west bengal district researchgate. Aft act to provide for the stare acquisition of eslates, of rights of intermediaries therein and of certain rights of raiyats and under raiyatsaiul of the rights dfcertain other persons in lands comprised in estates. Land acquisition and industrialisation in west bengal. Land reforms in postindependence west bengal began with the passage of the west bengal bargadar act 1950, followed by the west bengal estate acquisition act 1952, and the west bengal land reforms act 1955. From land reform to land acquisition in west bengal. With over 91 million inhabitants as of 2011, it is indias fourthmost populous state.
Land acquisition west bengal amendment act, 1997 1. Commentaries on west bengal estates acquisition act, 1953. The law also brings transparency in the process of land acquisition and lays down measures for rehabilitation of those displaced. Agricultural year, agricultural land, charitable purpose. An act to amend the land acquisition act, 1894, in its application to west bengal. Land acquisition rehabilitation and resettlement bill 20. An act to amend the law for the acquisition of land for public purposes and for companies. Abstract this article presents a clear picture of controversial policies pertaining to land acquisition, resettlement, rehabilitation and compensation. Schedule i of the calcutta municipal act, 1951, as deemed to have been amended under section 594 of that act. Whereas it is expedient to amend the land acquisition act, 1894, in its application to west bengal, for the purposes and in the manner hereinafter appearing.
West bengal act 111 of 1965 the west bengal land requisition and acquisition validation of orders act, 1965. An act to provide for the state acquisition of estates, of rights of intermediaries therein and of certain rights of raiyats and under raiyats and of the rights of certain persons in lands comprised in estates. Whereas it is cxpcdicnl to provide for the speedy eviclion oi. Acquisition act is currently pending in the national parliament, while different states.
Pdf development, land acquisition and changing facets of. Calcrrtro, rwder nibsectior i of sccion 3 of tie west. Land acquisition west bengal amendment act, 1997 latest laws. West bengal is the thirteenthlargest indian state, with an area of 88,752 km 2 34,267 sq mi. Notification vesting estates and rights of intermediaries. Transfer rules contained in the bengal land acquisition act, 1917. Uttar pradesh and west bengal and in the union territories at. Whereas il is expedient 10 amend the law for the acquisition of land needed for public purposes and for companies and for dclcmimining the amount ofcompensation to be made. Act i of 1894 the land acquisition act, 1894 contents. In the act there is provision for dealing with the matter relating to. By the enactment of this act, the rights and interests of the intermediaries got vested to the state w. Principal acts may or may not include subsequent amendments.
Whereas it is expedient to provide for the requisition and speedy acquisition of land for the purposes of maintaining supplies and services essential to the life of the community, increasing employment opportunities for the people by establishing commercial estates and industrial estates in different. A case study from west bengal article pdf available in journal of rural development 331. Land acquisition legislation in india has been a subject of public debate since independence. West bengal act i of 1954 the west bengal estates acquisition act, 1953. A critical study is made to bring out the lapses of the original act. With regard to land, west bengal is different from other. Moreover, the government continues to rely on the land acquisition act enacted by an earlier colonial regime for such purposes. An act to amend the west bengal estates acquisition act, 1953. The west bengal acquisition and settlement of homestead land act, 1969. The urban land ceiling and regulation act, 1976 no.
West bengal act x of 1956 1 the west bengal land reforms act, 19552 as modified up to the 1st january, 1999 30th march, 1958 an act to reform the law relating to land tenure consequent on the vesting of all estates and of certain rights therein3. Aim of the land acquisition, rehabilitation and resettlement bill, 20. West bengal act i of 19541 the west bengal estates acquisition act, 19532. West bengal act xli of 1973 the west bengal panchayat act, 1973.
Agricultural year, agricultural land, charitable purpose, collector, data of vesting, estate, homestead, incumbrance, intermediary, nonagricultural land, nonagricultural tenant, regions purpose, rent. Arrears of land revenue, cases, taxes and impositions due from any intermediary. None of the intermediaries and the raiyats or underraiyat could hold land in. State policy and agrarian challenges dilip mookherjee boston university igc bihar conference, patna july 21, 20 d. The west bengal estates acquisition act, 1953 act 1 of 1954 keywords. Publication of preliminary notification and powers of officers hercupon. Land reforms in west bengal free download as powerpoint presentation.
The process of land acquisition for industrial development initiated since the mid1990s in west bengals paschim medinipur district threatens to undermine the propeasant policy of the left front government. In some cases the principal act andor amendment act may not be available. Whereas it is expedient to amend the law for the acquisition of land needed for public purposes and for companies and for determining the amount of compensation to be made on account of. However, in 2007, land acquisition for the establishment of large industrial units became a source of political turbulence in singur and nandigram in west bengal when the government tried to suppress a farmers agitation against the acquisition of land for the tata engineering and. Provided that in a case where the said notice has been publised more than two years befere the commencement of the west bengal land requisition and acquisition amendment act, 1994, the award shall be made within a period of one year from the date of commencement of that act. Article 300a enables the state to put restrictions on the right to. Land acquisition in india is governed by the right to fair compensation and transparency in land acquisition, rehabilitation and resettlement act, 20 larr and which came into force from 1 january 2014. The west bengal estate acquisition act, 1953 12th february, 1954.
The process of land acquisition for industrial development initiated since the mid1990s in west bengals paschim medinipur district threatens to undermine the propeasant policy of. Alok mukherjea blamed the west bengal government for carrying the land acquisition policy hastily without going through the process of trustbuilding. Assent of the president of india was first published in the kolkata gazette, extraordinary, of the 9th november, 2010. The words provincial government were first subsitituied for the. Anirban chattopadhyay pointed the incompetence of the government in properly handling the crisis of agriculture. Words, figures and letters first subs, in this subsec, by w. West bengal land requisition and acquisition act 1948. Chapter iii constitutional validity of land acquisition 41 supreme court under article 32 cannot be generally invoked. West bengal land requisition and acquisition act 1948 complete. How central and state governments have diluted the historic land legislation of 20 unsurprisingly, within a year of the acts coming into force, both central and state governments were united in their attempt to eviscerate it. Singur act pdf this paper reports results of a household survey in singur, west bengal.
West bengal government gives inprinciple nod to amend thika tenancy act. Whereas it is expedient to amend the land acquisition act, 1894, in its application to west bengal, for the purpose and in the manner hereinafter appearing. An act to provide for the requisition and speedy acquisition of land for certain purposes. The calcutta thika tenancy acquisition and regulation act, 1981. The land acquisition act was passed five years ago to ease barriers in the path of progress. Act i of 1894 the land acquisition act, 1894 contents part i prelinary. In free india, on demand of the people in west bengal, the west bengal estates acquisition act, 1953 was enacted. The land acquisition act, 1894 prs legislative research. The west bengal acquisition and settlement of homestead land act. Development, land acquisition and changing facets of rural livelihoods.
Land acquisition act, 1894 1 of 1894 an act to amend the law for the acquisition of land for public purposes and for companies. West bengal estates acquisition act 1953 complete act. West bengal act of 2009 the west bengal estates acquisition amendment act, 2009. Land acquisition act or to any enactment thereby repealed shall, so far as may be, be construed to refer to this act or to the corresponding portion thereof. Short title, extent and commencement l this act may be called he land acquisition act, 1894. An acr to validare cerrait orders nlark by rlte first lnrrrl acqttisiriotf collector. On 31 december 20, the president of india promulgated. The last session of the workshop was a panel discussion.964 1188 1093 197 462 859 981 1429 168 1463 923 852 149 975 1436 343 1564 255 1204 1 1211 296 897 831 1434 1132 797 630 196 1013 667 997 107 487 846 135 1093 1061 1251 666 558 71