Chap 10 part 1 commas and semicolons melissa brega. I dislike concerts because the music is too loud, she said. Between independent clauses when a coordinating conjunction is omitted. When a sentence contains multiple commas in the first clause, it is appropriate to use a semicolon before a conjunction to join two clauses. Janet was glad she had taken her umbrella with her to the concert. Answer key to colons and semicolons displaying top 8 worksheets found for this concept some of the worksheets for this concept are great grammar semicolons and colons, name semicolon or comma, title using commas and semicolons police, colons and semicolons, semicolons, semicolons and colons, colon, punctuation. Rule 2 link two closely related ideas that already have punctuation colon, dash, or comma in them example. Anyone who says you shouldnt use a semicolon as a rule of thumb either doesnt know how to use it themselves or is an unimaginative writer simply regurgitating what their high school english teacher improperly told them, and should not be listened to. Use a semicolon before such words and terms as namely, however, therefore, that is, i. Use a colon to introduce a list or series there are several famous river deltas in the world. Commas or semicolons worksheet 2 heres an awesome 20 problem comma and semicolon worksheet. The comma has inspired not only reams of writing but also ongoing feuds between grammarians. Subject verb adjective noun conj subj verb phrase subject verb noun.
While a semicolon normally joins two independent clauses to signal a close connection between them, a colon does the job of directing you to the information following it. Conjunctions thats your ands, buts, and ors can do that too. Use semicolons in a series between items which have internal punctuation. However, used correctly, the semicolon can bring both clarity and nuance to your writing. Many companies make sugarfree soft drinks, which are flavored by synthetic chemicals the drinks usually contain only one or two calories per serving. Punctuating with semicolons and colons the semicolon and colon look similar. Includes broken sample sentences to pair students up, and a paragraph for students to edit about hiking answer keys included for both. State that a semicolon is used to separate a series or list in which commas are already a part i. Use a semicolon to join two related complete thoughts sentencesindependent clauses without using a conjunction.
The semicolon is sometimes described as stronger than a comma but weaker than a period. Use a semicolon with an appropriate conjunctive adverb transition word to connect two complete sentences that are closely related correct. Semicolons can be used between two independent clauses. Use a semicolon in the appropriate place to separate items in a list in the following sentences.
Punctuation 9 misuses of apostrophes do not use the apostrophe to form plurals. Colons are also used after the salutation in business letters. I like multiple semicolons in a sentence though, as long as they are used correctly. If you accidentally click on the wrong button, simply click on the button you meant to select.
Semicolonand colon rules semicolons usea semicolon betweentwo independentclauses not connected by a coordinating conjunction. Using a comma instead of a semicolon in the sentences above would result in a comma splice. Source for comma rules writers write offers the best writing courses in south africa. Dashes, like commas, semicolons, colons, ellipses, and parentheses, indicate added emphasis, an interruption, or an abrupt change of thought. A semicolon helps to break up the clauses and avoid confusion for the reader. Colon usessemicolon rulescolon vs semicolonassessment rubricsteachers can use these handouts as ready reference material to remind the learners about punctuation details, thereby helping them to enhance. Answer key to colons and semicolons worksheets kiddy math. Heres an awesome 20 problem comma and semicolon worksheet. Some common conjunctive adverbs are therefore, however, consequently, and hence. In each sentence, insert commas or semicolons where they are needed. My three favorite foods are pasta pizza and ice cream. Even when the house looks clean, there is usually a bunch of dirt swept under the rug.
Grammar checkers will not help you much with your semicolons and colons. Use a semicolon for punctuating a complex list or series that includes commas the five largest seas, in order, are. The thunderstorm began just as the audience was leaving. Heres a great freebie for commas, semicolons, and colons for your middle or high schoolers. When you use a colon to introduce an incomplete sentence, do not capitalize the first word following the colon. Our mission is to provide a free, worldclass education to anyone, anywhere.
Use a semicolon instead of a period when the ideas in two independent clauses are very closely connected and you want readers to expect more. The other most common use of semicolons is to separate lists when commas are present within the list itself which is part of a single independent clause. Please note that there are a few other ways of using semicolons i. Sometimes, you will see a green line to warn you that you may need a semicolon to avoid a runon sentence, but you cannot rely on this. A semicolon is a form of punctuation that sorts out complex lists or links complete clauses. In dates, the year is set off from the rest of the sentence with a pair of commas. I dislike concerts, proclaimed mary, because the music is too loud. The paragraph has 15 blanks for students to punctuate and asks them to write 2 of their own s. Student choose either a semicolon or comma to complete each sentence and then explain their choice. Its useful to know that unlike a comma or a full stop, it is not necessary to use a semicolon.
As you watch the video, fill in the chart below with each rule. Comma and semicolon worksheet answer sheet 1 officers must remember to log the date, time, and location on each police report and on supporting documents. Add commas to the following sentences where needed. Place a semicolon between independent clauses linked with a conjunctive adverb, also known as a transitional word or phrase. World war i ended for the united states in a little over a year world war ii lasted almost four years. Im providing you only with the information related to some of the most common errors i see in student writing. Semicolons the semicolon has three primary functions. No apostrophe is needed because there is no ownership. If it is, select the word that comes just before the semicolon. Comma and semicolon worksheet insert commas and semicolons to correctly punctuate the sentences. The united states has more computers than any other. Semicolons join two independent, clauses complete sentences that are closely related if no coordinating conjunction is used.
Punctuation commas, semicolons, colons, quotation marks. Semicolons knowing when to use semicolons is easier if you follow a few simple rules. Because of the rules and examples of each, students who view the video. The christ chapel spire is in danger of falling over. Commas 1 commas and semicolons these are some basic rules regarding commas and semicolons. Rules for comma usage how can such a small symbol cause so much trouble. Review the comma and semicolon rules with the students. Here you can find the most common questions flooding peoples minds and short, definite grammar rules containing semicolon usage. The idea for a fundraiser was originally jennifers. Discussion in word mechanics started by milady, jul 6.
Semicolons signal to a reader that the information in both sentences should be taken together. To separate items in a list that already has commas. Yes, that means there are four total sentences up thereand thanks to the semicolon, only two capital letters. Mary, who was 32 years old javier, who was 28 years old and ming, who was 17 years old. The semicolon may be the most misunderstood punctuation mark of all. The semicolon is possibly the most misunderstood and misused punctuation mark in english grammar. Times impact times new roman comic sans ms blush our friend, the semicolon our friend, the semicolon our friend, the semicolon our friend, the semicolon our friend, the semicolon our friend, the semicolon our friend, the semicolon our friend, the semicolon our friend, the.
I cannot understand many parts of the code but the most perplexing to me is the forloop with two semicolons inside the parentheses. Punctuation commas, semicolons, quotation marks, and dashes commas the basic rule of thumb for commas use is where there is a natural pause, use a comma. The video describes rules for using colons and semicolons and gives examples of each. Students at our high school organized a garage sale to raise money for a local charity. Also check out the recent post on serial commas and serial semicolons on. Semicolons and colonsprovides students with the correct punctuation rules for using colons and semicolons in their writing. Usage basic punctuation rules utah valley state college writing center semicolons semicolons are used to separate clauses or phrases that are related and that receive equal emphasis. I like going fishing i dont like putting worms on hooks. My family went to see the live taping of ru pauls drag race, but i stayed home with the flu. I need to call sally tom brad and kelly about the party. Exercising helps to keep you healthy and fit proper nutrition is also important. Professor drew was my mentor at the university of alabama.
This office cannot accept your complaint, we have brought it before the appropriate. Click here for stepbystep rules, stories and exercises to practice all english tenses. However, it didnt take long for others to jump on board. Find this semicolon worksheet on this page of punctuation worksheets. Combining independent clauses word groups that can stand alone as separate sentences. Since we would be returning late anyway, we stayed to watch the sunset. Commas, semicolons, and colons freebie practice worksheet. A colon introduces an element or series of elements that illustrates or amplifies the information that preceded the colon. A semicolon isnt the only thing that can link two independent clauses. But you shouldnt use a semicolon and a conjunction. The semicolon is a form of punctuation in the english language. In high school and just growing up the comma rules were and just grammar and the english language in general were so hard for me to get the hand of.
Near a small stream at the bottom of the canyon, park rangers discovered a gold mine. In a compound sentence, use a semicolon to join two independent clauses that are not connected with a coordinating conjunction. For additional rules, please consult your usage and grammar guidebook. Phrases include on the other hand, in fact, and in conclusion. Each of the following sentences needs either a comma or a semicolon. Use a semicolon in the appropriate place to combine the following. It will not let you know if a colon is needed at all. Use a semicolon to link closely related independent clauses. In certain uses, this is a reasonably accurate definition. Use them sparingly in order to add variety to the methods utilized to connect. Examples of the colon or the semicolon in worksheets with answers.
If you read old texts multiple semicolons will be used in the same sentence. The semicolon keeps the clauses somewhat separate, like a period would do, so we can easily tell which ideas belong to which clause. If comma usage is one of the banes of your writing existence, then this handout is for you. Commasquiz 2 102 semicolons and colonsquiz 1 103 semicolons and colonsquiz 2 104 question marks, quotation marks, and parenthesesquiz 1 105. Semicolon or comma worksheet and answer key grammar. Each of the following sentences may or may not contain a semicolon. To find out about writers write how to write a book, or the plain language programme how to write for. To connect two related independent clauses complete sentences in order to emphasize a relationship between the clauses. Rule number 1 use a semicolon to combine two independent clauses that are closely connected in meaning. How to use the semicolon there are three uses of the semicolon. Thats exactly why you cant substitute a comma for a semicolon. Semicolons are most often used to separate two equal independent clauses within one complete sentence semicolon example.
Do not introduce a list or series with a semicolon instead of a colon. That means when you use a semicolon, you use it instead of the ands, buts, and ors. Each section has students write in the correct punctuation. When too many commas are used in one sentence, the sentence becomes confusing. Place semicolons between items in lists if some items the list include commas. When in doubt, take the semicolon out and make two separate sentences. Rule 2 for clarity, writers often hyphenate when the last letter in the root word is the. Current standards usually suggest splitting the phrase separated by a semicolon into separate sentences. After the video, use what you know to write a sentence that is an example of each rule. Test your ability by identifying which sentences are correct. Semicolons help avoid confusion between items in lists where there are already commas. Also check out the recent post on serial commas and serial semicolons on the mla style center. Use a semicolon to join two related complete thoughts when using conjunctive adverbs. I believe there are 3 things to achieving good grades.
It is also preferable to use a comma after these words and terms. Think you know when to use a semicolon in your writing. Commas and semicolons these are some basic rules regarding commas and semicolons. Sep 22, 20 by the end of this video, you will know the basics about using a semicolon. The video also explains incorrect ways in which people mistakenly use these punctuation marks. However, there are other instances where commas should be used as well.1538 1409 16 1276 1454 227 547 1560 88 250 1410 330 1431 139 1540 1215 788 1278 772 416 1345 141 699 672 501 1019 385 338 901 409 933 675 1063 137